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No Legal Advice or Other Professional Advice. THIS WEBSITE DOES NOT OFFER LEGAL, MEDICAL, TAX, FINANCIAL OR OTHER PROFESSIONAL ADVICE. THE CONTENT ON THIS WEBSITE IS FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY. DO NOT TAKE ANY ACTION, DELAY ANY ACTION, OR DECLINE TO TAKE ANY ACTION BASED ON THE CONTENT CONTAINED IN THIS WEBSITE WITHOUT FIRST CONSULTING WITH YOUR ATTORNEY, DOCTOR, CPA, FINANCIAL ADVISER AND/OR OTHER PROFESSIONAL ADVISERS. CONTENT PROVIDED ON THIS SITE MAY NOT CONSTITUTE THE MOST CURRENT OR COMPLETE INFORMATION WITH RESPECT TO ANY TOPIC.
This Website Offers General Informational Content. This website is for general informational purposes only and is not legal, medical, tax, financial or other professional advice. The content (for purposes of these terms, “content” shall mean all items, information, materials, text, resources, downloads, videos, articles, documents, blog posts, writings, graphics, images, links, hyperlinks, goods, services, and any and all other materials) on this website is provided to permit you to learn more about general legal concepts. The content on this website does not necessarily reflect the opinion of this website or of its attorneys or clients. The content on this website is general in nature and may not apply to particular legal, medical, business, personal or factual circumstances. The content of this website is not intended to be a substitute for professional legal, medical, tax or financial advice, diagnosis or treatment. You should not act, delay in acting, or decline to act, on the content contained in this website without seeking professional legal, medical, tax, financial and/or other professional advice. Always seek the advice of your attorney about any legal questions. Always seek the advice of your CPA or other qualified tax adviser about your tax situation. Always seek the advice or your financial adviser about financial questions. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider about your medical condition and about any medical questions. You should never disregard any professional medical advice or delay seeking it because of something you have read on this website.
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Your Unilateral Communications to Us are Not Confidential and are not a Consultation. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE AND AGREE THAT UNILATERAL COMMUNICATIONS FROM YOU TO US BY ANY METHOD (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, EMAIL, CONTACT FORM SUBMISSION FROM THIS WEBSITE, PHONE, FAX OR ANY OTHER METHOD) (1) MAY NOT BE KEPT CONFIDENTIAL, (2) MAY NOT BE SUBJECT TO ANY PRIVILEGE (ATTORNEY-CLIENT PRIVILEGE, WORK PRODUCT PRIVILEGE, OR ANY OTHER PRIVILEGE), (3) ARE NOT A CONSULTATION, AND (4) DO NOT CREATE AN ATTORNEY-CLIENT RELATIONSHIP. IN OTHER WORDS, INFORMATION AND MATERIALS YOU SEND TO US THROUGH A CONTACT FORM ON THIS WEBSITE, OR BY EMAIL, OR BY ANY OTHER FORM OF COMMUNICATION, MAY BY PUBLICLY DISCLOSED BY US AND/OR OTHERWISE USED BY US, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, IN OUR REPRESENTATION OF OUR CLIENTS. YOU HAVE NO EXPECTATION OF PRIVACY, PRIVILEGE OR CONFIDENTIALITY IN ANY INFORMATION, MESSAGE OR MATERIALS (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE CONTENT OF THE INFORMATION, MESSAGE OR MATERIALS AND THE IDENTITY OF THE SENDER OF SUCH INFORMATION, MESSAGE OR MATERIALS) YOU SEND TO US, TO THIS WEBSITE, FROM THIS WEBSITE, OR TO ANY ATTORNEY, PERSON, ORGANIZATION OR ENTITY LISTED ON THIS WEBSITE. You acknowledge and agree that any communication, information or material you transmit to this website, in any manner and for any reason, is NOT a consultation and may NOT be treated as confidential or proprietary. You also acknowledge and agree that any ideas, concepts, techniques, procedures, methods, systems, designs, plans, charts, or other materials or information you transmit to us (“Transmitted Items”), via email or contact form submission or any other method, do not violate the rights of any party, and you hereby grant us a perpetual, irrevocable, worldwide, nonexclusive, royalty-free right and license to use, reproduce, disclose, create derivative works from, publish, distribute, perform, translate, modify, edit and display any such Transmitted Items in any media or medium (or any form or format now known or hereafter developed) anywhere, anytime, and for any reason whatsoever. DO NOT SEND ANY INFORMATION TO US THAT YOU BELIEVE IS CONFIDENTIAL UNTIL YOU SPEAK WITH ONE OF OUR LAWYERS AND RECEIVE AUTHORIZATION FROM THAT LAWYER TO SEND THAT INFORMATION TO US. Sending any information to us, by email or contact form or any other method, will not make you a client. You will become a client only after signing a written fee agreement that is also signed by one of our attorneys. Only persons or entities who have entered into a mutual agreement for legal representation, in a formal written contract signed by one of our attorneys, are clients of ours.
We May Not Respond to Unilateral Communications from You. WE DO NOT GUARANTEE THAT WE WILL RESPOND TO ANY EMAIL, CONTACT FORM SUBMISSION, PHONE CALL OR OTHER COMMUNICATION SENT TO OR FROM THIS WEBSITE. WE UNDERTAKE NO OBLIGATION TO RESPOND TO ANY COMMUNICATION AND EXPRESSLY DENY LIABILITY FOR FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AND/OR FAILURE TO RESPOND PRIOR TO THE EXPIRATION OF ANY APPLICABLE STATUE OF LIMITATIONS (LEGAL DEADLINES) OR SIMILAR LIMITATION OF ACTION PROVISIONS. This website is for informational purposes only. Only persons or entities who have entered into a mutual agreement for legal representation, in a formal written contract signed by one of our attorneys, are clients of ours.
No Representations about the Content on this Website. Laws change frequently. Any laws, regulations and/or statutory references on this website are subject to revision and interpretation. Some of the content on this website may be out of date and not correct when you read it. There is no representation, warranty or claim that any content available on this website is complete, current or accurate. Statistics and research may vary according to year, source and study. We are not responsible or liable for any errors or omissions in the content on this website. We do not undertake any responsibility to update any information, materials or other content on this website to reflect current or subsequent legal, business, financial, tax, medical or other developments.
No Warranties, Representations, Predictions or Guarantees About Results. There are no warranties, representations, or promises made based on the content on this website, including the dollar figures or results obtained in other cases. Results obtained in past cases do not predict or guarantee the results in future cases. The results shown on this website are not necessarily representative of results obtained by the firm or of the experience of all clients with the firm. In other words, past results do not and cannot predict or guarantee a similar outcome. Each person’s legal, business, financial, tax and medical needs are unique, dependent on the particular facts and circumstances of their situation, and are not addressed by any information on this website. Every legal matter contains different facts and circumstances. The facts and circumstances of your matter will likely be different from the matters listed. WE DO NOT AND CANNOT PROVIDE ANY WARRANTIES, REPRESENTATIONS, PREDICTIONS OR GUARANTEES ABOUT THE RESULTS OR OUTCOME OF ANY PARTICULAR MATTER, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, ANY LEGAL MATTER THAT YOU MAY HAVE.
Testimonial Disclaimer. All testimonials on this website are provided for informational purposes only and are not to be considered as a promise or guarantee as to the outcome of your specific matter. All results of matters handled by the firm are not provided and not all clients have given testimonials. The testimonials provided are not necessarily representative of results obtained by the firm or of the experience of all clients or others with the firm. Some testimonials have been shortened and in some cases grammatical and typing errors have been corrected. Some testimonials may have been submitted on other websites. Every legal matter contains different facts and circumstances. The facts and circumstances of your matter will likely be different from the matters listed.
This Website is Not a Solicitation.This website does not provide legal advice and does not solicit clients or propose any type of transaction. The content on this website is not intended, and will not constitute an offer. We retain the right to determine, in our sole discretion, whether to accept representation in any particular matter, and only persons or entities that have entered into a written engagement agreement signed by one of our lawyers will be clients of ours. The determination of whether you need legal services and your choice of lawyer are very important decisions that should not be based on websites or advertisements. Further, this website does not provide any business, financial, tax or medical advice.
Our Practice. Our law firm practices law only in Arizona, but we may associate with lawyers throughout the United States. Cases may be referred to associate attorneys for principal responsibility, but this firm will maintain joint responsibility. Representation is not available in all states. This website is regulated by the Arizona Rules of Professional Conduct.
Hiring a Lawyer. Hiring a lawyer is an important decision which should not be based solely on advertisements or self-proclaimed expertise. Anyone considering hiring a lawyer should investigate the lawyer’s credentials and ability. Before you make a decision, upon request we will provide you with free written information about our qualifications and experience. No representation is made that the quality of legal services to be performed is greater than the quality of legal services performed by other lawyers.
No Representations About Availability. No representation or guarantee is made about the availability of any attorney to provide a consultation or evaluation of a potential matter to anyone who is not a client. Consultations and evaluations may be referred to associate counsel. Our law firm reserves the right to refuse to provide service, including, but not limited to, consultations and evaluations, to anyone who is not a client. Our law firm reserves the right to decline the representation of anyone who is not a client.
Emails and Submissions May Not Be Secure. There is no such thing as perfect internet security. Any internet email message and file transmitted over the internet may be intercepted and viewed. This includes filling out contact forms on websites. If you are concerned about the confidentiality of any internet email or website contact form you send to (or via) this website, you should not use internet email or website contact forms.
Website is “As Is” and Without Warranties. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE AND AGREE THAT THIS WEBSITE IS PROVIDED ON AN “AS IS” AND “AS AVAILABLE” BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND (EXPRESS OR IMPLIED). YOU FURTHER ACKNOWLEDGE AND AGREE THAT YOUR USE OF THIS WEBSITE AND THE CONTENT ON THIS WEBSITE IS AT YOUR OWN RISK.
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Disclaimer of Warranties. TO THE FULLEST EXTENT POSSIBLE UNDER APPLICABLE LAW, THIS WEBSITE, AND THE PARTIES INVOLVED IN CREATING, PRODUCING AND DELIVERING THIS WEBSITE, DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS AND IMPLIED, RELATING TO THIS WEBSITE INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, NON-INFRINGEMENT OR OTHER VIOLATION OF RIGHTS. WE DO NOT WARRANT OR MAKE ANY REPRESENTATIONS (EXPRESS OR IMPLIED) ABOUT THE AVAILABILITY, USE, TIMELINESS, SECURITY, VALIDITY, COMPLETENESS, ACCURACY, OR RELIABILITY OF, OR THE RESULT OF USE OF, OR OTHERWISE RESPECTING, THE CONTENT ON THIS WEBSITE OR ANY OTHER WEBSITES LINKED TO OR FROM THIS WEBSITE.
Links. There are no warranties, representations or promises made in connection with any links provided on this website. If you use these links, you will leave this website. We have not necessarily reviewed any linked or third-party websites. We do not control, we make no representations whatsoever (express or implied), and we are not responsible for these linked sites, their content, any links contained in a linked site, or any changes or updates to such websites. Links to other websites are not intended to state or imply that we are affiliated or associated in any way with those other websites. We reserve the right to terminate any link or linking program at any time. You acknowledge and agree that we are not responsible or liable for the content, products, services, actions and availability of such websites or other third parties. It is up to you to take precautions to ensure that whatever you select for your use is free of such items as worms, viruses, Trojan horses and other items of a destructive nature. Links are provided solely as a convenience to you, and the inclusion of these links should not imply an endorsement by us of these other websites, or of the views, products, or services provided by these websites. If you decide to access any of the third-party websites linked to this website, you do so entirely at your own risk.
Other Products, Services, Companies. Any references on this website to any specific commercial product, process or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply that we endorse or recommend the item.
Availability. We make no representation that this website, or any materials or services at this website, are appropriate or available in any particular location, and access to them from any territories or locations where their contents are illegal is prohibited. Those who access this website from other locations do so at their own risk and are responsible for compliance with all applicable laws including, without limitation, all local laws and regulations.
Governing Law. You acknowledge and agree that this website will only be construed and evaluated according to the laws of the United States and the State of Arizona. These terms are entered into and shall be governed and construed by the laws of the State of Arizona, without regard to principles of conflict of laws. Any dispute or legal proceeding arising out of any activity relating to this website or these terms shall be governed by the laws of the State of Arizona, without regard to principles of conflict of laws. You consent to exclusive jurisdiction and venue in Maricopa County, Arizona, for any dispute relating to this agreement or relating in any way to this website.
Changes. We reserve the right to make changes, modify, amend, delete, update, suspend, withdraw or discontinue, permanently or temporarily, this website or any portion of this website, without any notice. You agree that we shall not be liable to you or to any third party for any modification, amendment, deletion, update, suspension, withdrawal, revision, change or discontinuance of this website or any part of this website. We reserve the right to update or modify these terms at any time without notice to you by updating this posting. By entering this website, you acknowledge and agree that you shall be bound by any and all such revisions. We suggest periodically visiting this page of the website to review these terms and conditions. We are under no obligation to modify or update this website or its content.
Third-Party Intellectual Property. Other company, product and service names mentioned in this website are or may be trademarks, tradenames and/or service marks of their respective owners. We are not associated with, sponsored by, endorsed by or otherwise affiliated with any such third party trademarks, tradenames and/or services marks. Our use of any such third party trademarks, tradenames and/or service marks is non-competitve, non-confusing and in good faith compliance with all applicable trademark and other laws.
No Obligation to Represent. We reserve the right to accept or decline any representation for any reason or for no reason. We may be required to decline representation if it would create a conflict of interest with another client.
Ethical Requirements. This website has tried to comply with all legal and ethical requirements. We do not want to represent any clients based on their review of any portion of this website that does not fully comply with all legal and ethical requirements. The content on this website may not apply to certain states or jurisdictions. You should consult with an attorney licensed to practice law in your jurisdiction before making any specific legal decisions. Under no circumstance shall we become involved in a matter if it would violate the professional responsibility rules, or any other requirements, of any state. If any of these terms shall be deemed invalid, illegal, or unenforceable, the validity, legality of the remaining provisions shall not be affected or impaired in any way. No failure or delay by us in exercising any right, power or remedy under these terms shall constitute a waiver.
Designation. To the extent that the rules of professional responsibility of any jurisdiction require us to designate a principal office or an attorney responsible for this website, we designate our office in Scottsdale, Arizona (USA), and its managing partner, Mr. Studnicki, Esquire.
Attorney Advertising Disclosures.
THIS SITE MAY CONTAIN ADVERTISING MATERIAL OR LAWYER ADVERTISEMENTS
Our law firm practices law only in Arizona. Accordingly, this website is regulated by the Arizona Rules of Professional Conduct. We may associate with attorneys in other states. As a result, state-specific disclosures are included below.
Some jurisdictions may consider this website to be a form of advertising for legal services and as such may require specific disclosures. Please read the following carefully.
THIS IS AN ADVERTISEMENT. The determination of the need for legal services and the choice of a lawyer are extremely important decisions and should not be based solely upon advertisements. Anyone considering a lawyer should independently investigate the lawyer’s credentials and ability, and not rely upon advertisements or self-proclaimed expertise. Hiring a lawyer is an important process that should not be based solely upon advertisements.
We do not operate as a lawyer referral service, prepaid legal insurance provider or similar organization the business or activities of which include the referral of customers, members, or beneficiaries to lawyers for the performance of fee-generating legal services or the payment for or provision of legal services to the customers, members, or beneficiaries in matters for which they do not bear ultimate responsibility. While we maintain joint responsibility, cases may be referred to other attorneys for principal responsibility and participation.
FREE BACKGROUND INFORMATION AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST
No representation is made that the quality of the legal services to be performed is greater than the quality of legal services performed by other lawyers. Memberships and offices in legal fraternities and legal societies, technical and professional licenses, and memberships in scientific, technical and professional associations and societies of law or fields of practice do not mean that a lawyer is a specialist, expert, authority or is certified in a particular field of law, nor do such memberships or licenses mean that such a lawyer is more expert or competent than any other lawyer.
A description or indication of limitation of practice does not mean that any agency or board has certified such lawyer as a specialist, expert or authority in an indicated field of law practice, nor does it mean that such lawyer is more expert or competent than any other lawyer. We urge all potential clients to make their own independent investigation and evaluation of any lawyer being considered.
Except where otherwise indicated, we are not certified as specialists by the Florida Bar Board of Legal Specialization and Education, the Texas Board of Legal Specialization (“Not Certified by the Texas Board of Legal Specialization”), or any other entity or body that certifies lawyers as specialists. The fact that certain attorneys or firms concentrate their practices to plaintiffs’ cases (or any other field) is not meant to imply that they have gained any specific type of certification in these areas. Indeed, many states – including Illinois – do not recognize certifications of specialties in the practice of law and explicitly state that any such certificate, award or recognition is not a requirement to practice law in those states.
ADDITIONAL STATE SPECIFIC DISCLOSURES:
Alabama: No representation is made that the quality of any legal services that may be performed is greater than the quality of legal services performed by other lawyers.
Alaska: The Alaska Bar Association does not accredit or endorse certifying organizations.
Florida: The hiring of a lawyer is an important decision that should not be based solely upon advertisements. Before you make any decisions, ask us to send you free written information about our qualifications and experience.
Hawaii: The supreme Court of Hawaii grants Hawaii certification only to lawyers in good standing who have successfully completed a specialty program accredited by the American Bar Association.
Illinois: The Supreme Court of Illinois does not recognize certifications of specialties in the practice of law and that the certificate, award or recognition is not a requirement to practice law in Illinois.
Iowa: The determination of the need for legal services and the choice of a lawyer are extremely important decisions and should not be based solely upon advertisements or self-proclaimed expertise. This disclosure is required by rule of the Supreme Court of Iowa.
Memberships and offices in legal fraternities and legal societies, technical and professional licenses, and memberships in scientific, technical and professional associations and societies of law or field of practice do not mean that a lawyer is a specialist or expert in a field of law, nor do they mean that such a lawyer is necessarily any more expert or competent than any other lawyer.
A description or indication of limitation of practice does not mean that any agency or board has certified such lawyer as a specialist or expert in an indicated field of law practice, nor does it mean that such lawyer is necessarily any more expert or competent than any other lawyer.
All potential clients are urged to make their own independent investigation and evaluation of any lawyer being considered. This notice is required by rule of the Supreme Court of Iowa.
Kentucky: THIS IS AN ADVERTISEMENT.
Massachusetts: If a Massachusetts lawyer holds himself or herself out as “certified” in a particular service, field or area of law by a non-governmental body, the certifying organization is a private organization, whose standards for certification are not regulated by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
Mississippi: The Mississippi Supreme Court advises that any decision regarding legal services is important and should not be based solely on advertisements.
There is no procedure in Mississippi for approving certifying or designating organizations and authorities.
Missouri: ADVERTISING MATERIAL: COMMERCIAL SOLICITATIONS ARE PERMITTED BY THE MISSOURI RULES OF PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT BUT ARE NEITHER SUBMITTED TO NOR APPROVED BY THE MISSOURI BAR OR THE SUPREME COURT OF MISSOURI. Neither the Supreme Court of Missouri nor the Missouri Bar reviews or approves certifying organizations or specialist designations.
Nevada: Neither the state bar of Nevada nor any agency of the State Bar has certified any lawyer identified here as a specialist or as an expert. Anyone considering a lawyer should independently investigate the lawyer’s credentials and ability.
New Jersey: Any certification as a specialist, or any certification in a field of practice, that does not state that such certification has been granted by the Supreme Court of New Jersey or by an organization that has been approved by the American Bar Association, indicates that the certifying organization has not been approved, or has been denied approval, by the Supreme Court of New Jersey and the American Bar Association.
New Mexico: LAWYER ADVERTISEMENT
Any certification by an organization other than the New Mexico Board of Legal Specialization does not constitute recognition by the New Mexico Board of Legal Specialization, unless the lawyer is also recognized by the board as a specialist in that area of law.
Oregon: THIS IS AN ADVERTISEMENT.
Rhode Island: The Rhode Island Supreme Court licenses all lawyers in the general practice of law. The court does not license or certify any lawyer as an expert or specialist in any field of practice.
Tennessee: Certifications of Specialization are available to Tennessee lawyers in all areas of practice relating to or included in the areas of Civil Trial, Criminal Trial, Business Bankruptcy, Consumer Bankruptcy, Creditor’s Rights, Medical Malpractice, Legal Malpractice, Accounting Malpractice, Elder Law, Estate Planning and Family Law. Listing of related or included practice areas herein does not constitute or imply a representation of certification of specialization. Unless otherwise state, none of the attorneys in this firm are certified as a specialist in any practice area by the Tennessee Commission on Continuing Legal Education and Specialization.
Texas: Unless otherwise stated, the Texas Board of Legal Specialization does not certify our attorneys as a specialist in an area of law.
Washington: The Supreme Court of Washington does not recognize certification of specialties in the practice of law and that the certificate, award, or recognition is not a requirement to practice law in the State of Washington.
Wyoming: The Wyoming State Bar does not certify any lawyer as a specialist or expert. Anyone considering a lawyer should independently investigate the lawyer’s credentials and ability, and not rely upon advertisements or self-proclaimed expertise.
Within this website, we may include descriptions of successful lawsuits brought by us or other attorneys not affiliated with us or this website. These descriptions are not meant to create any unjustified expectations that similar results can be obtained for others, for each case turns on its own specific factual and legal circumstances. No attorney can guarantee the success of a case and past successes even in very similar lawsuits do not mean that success in a subsequent case is guaranteed or even likely. Past success cannot be an assurance of future success because each case must be decided on its own merits. Results depend upon a variety of factors unique to each case.
The material on this website is not intended to, and does not, include any advertisements for legal services that contain dramatizations. This website is intended to provide useful, factual information presented in a non-sensational, objective and understandable manner. The images and pictures on this website are not meant to represent or depict actual persons or events, but rather are merely provided for illustrative purposes only.
This website is not intended for the purpose of advertising legal services to be performed in any state where such services may not be performed.
To any extent that this website does not comply with the laws or regulations of any jurisdiction in which it may be received, we do not wish to, and will not knowingly, accept legal representation based on or resulting from the use of this website from a person located in that jurisdiction.
NOT AVAILABLE IN ALL STATES